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MESH - A Community Hydrology - Land Surface Model

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Please note that the list of MESH-related publications is not comprehensive.


Rodriguez-Prado, A. (2020). Hydrological modeling for mining water availability in a Mexican watershed. CIM Journal, 1-8.

Elshamy, M. E., Princz, D., Sapriza-Azuri, G., Abdelhamed, M. S., Pietroniro, A., Wheater, H. S., & Razavi, S. (2020). On the configuration and initialization of a large-scale hydrological land surface model to represent permafrost. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 24(1), 349-379.

Bahrami, A., Goïta, K., Magagi, R., Davison, B., Razavi, S., Elshamy, M., Princz, D., 2020. Data assimilation of satellite-based terrestrial water storage changes into a hydrology land-surface model. J. Hydrol. 125744. 

Rokaya, P., Morales, L., Lindenschmidt, K-E. (2020), A physically-based modelling framework for operational forecasting of river ice breakup, Advances in Water Resources.

Budhathoki, S., Rokaya, P., Lindenschmidt. (2020), Improved modelling of a Prairie catchment using a progressive two-stage calibration strategy using soil moisture and streamflow, Hydrology Research.

Rokaya, P., Peters, D. L.,.., Lindenschmidt, K-E. (2020), Impacts of future climate on the hydrology of a northern headwaters basin and its implications for a downstream ecosystem, Hydrological Processes.

Budhathoki, S., Rokaya, P., Lindenschmidt, K-E., Davison. B. (2020), A multi-objective calibration approach using in-situ soil moisture data for improved hydrological simulation of the Prairies, Hydrological Sciences Journal.


Davison, Bruce, et al. "Parameter-state ensemble thinning for short-term hydrological prediction." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 23.2 (2019): 741-762.

Lindenschmidt, K-E., Rokaya, P., Das, A., Li, Z., Richard, D. (2019), A novel stochastic modelling approach for operational real-time ice-jam flood forecasting, Journal of Hydrology, 575,381-394doi:

Morales-Marín, L. A., Sanyal, P. R., Kadowaki, H., Li, Z., Rokaya, P., & Lindenschmidt, K. E. (2019). A hydrological and water temperature modelling framework to simulate the timing of river freeze-up and ice-cover breakup in large-scale catchments. Environmental Modelling & Software, 114, 49-63. doi:

Morales-Marín, L. A., Rokaya, P., Sanyal, P. R., Sereda, J., & Lindenschmidt, K. E. (2019). Changes in streamflow and water temperature affect fish habitat in the Athabasca River basin in the context of climate change. Ecological Modelling, 407, 108718. doi:

Rokaya, P., Morales-Marín, L., Bonsal, B., Wheater, H., & Lindenschmidt, K. E. (2019). Climatic effects on ice phenology and ice-jam flooding of the Athabasca River in western Canada. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 64(11), 1265-1278. doi:

Rokaya, P., Peters, D. L., Bonsal, B., Wheater, H., & Lindenschmidt, K.-E. (2019). Modelling the effects of climate and flow regulation on ice-affected backwater staging in a large northern river. River Research and Applications. doi:

Yassin, F. (2019). Towards Improve Hydrologic Land Surface Modelling: Enhanced Model Identification and Integration of Water Management  (Doctoral dissertation, University of Saskatchewan). URI:

Yassin, F., Razavi, S., Elshamy, M., Davison, B., Sapriza-Azuri, G., & Wheater, H. (2019). Representation and improved parameterization of reservoir operation in hydrological and land-surface models. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences23(9), 3735-3764. DOI: Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 3735–3764, 2019

Yassin, F., Razavi, S., Wong, J. S., Pietroniro, A., & Wheater, H. (2019) Hydrologic-Land Surface Modelling of a Complex System under Precipitation Uncertainty: A Case Study of the Saskatchewan River Basin, Canada. DOI:


Maheu, Audrey, François Anctil, Étienne Gaborit, Vincent Fortin, Daniel F. Nadeau, and René Therrien. "A field evaluation of soil moisture modelling with the Soil, Vegetation, and Snow (SVS) land surface model using evapotranspiration observations as forcing data." Journal of Hydrology 558 (2018): 532-545.

Rokaya, P., Wheater, H., & Lindenschmidt, K.-E. (2018). Promoting Sustainable Ice-Jam Flood Management along the Peace River and Peace-Athabasca Delta. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 145(1), 04018085. doi:


Berry, P. Yassin, F. Belcher, K. & Lindenschmidt, K.-E. (2017) An Economic Assessment of Local Farm Multi-Purpose Surface Water Retention Systems under Future Climate Uncertainty. Sustainability 9(3), 456. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute. doi:10.3390/su9030456

Berry, P. Yassin, F. Belcher, K. & Lindenschmidt, K.-E. (2017) An economic assessment of local farm multi-purpose surface water retention systems in a Canadian Prairie setting, Appl. Water Sci. 1–18. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi:10.1007/s13201-017-0592-7

Gaborit, Étienne, Vincent Fortin, Xiaoyong Xu, Frank Seglenieks, Bryan Tolson, Lauren M. Fry, Tim Hunter, François Anctil, and Andrew D. Gronewold. "A hydrological prediction system based on the SVS land-surface scheme: efficient calibration of GEM-Hydro for streamflow simulation over the Lake Ontario basin." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 21, no. 9 (2017): 4825.

Haghnegahdar A., Razavi S., Yassin F., and Wheater H. (2017), Multi-criteria sensitivity analysis as a diagnostic tool for understanding model behavior and characterizing model uncertainty, Hydrol. Process., 1-15,

Yassin, Fuad, Saman Razavi, Howard Wheater, Gonzalo Sapriza‐Azuri, Bruce Davison, and Alain Pietroniro. (2017) Enhanced Identification of Hydrologic Models using Streamflow and Satellite Water Storage Data: A Multi-objective Calibration ApproachHydrological ProcessesDOI: 10.1002/hyp.11267 (2017).


Davison, B., Pietroniro, A., Fortin, V., Leconte, R., Mamo, M. and Yau, M.K., 2016. What is Missing from the Prescription of Hydrology for Land Surface Schemes? Journal of Hydrometeorology, (2016).

Kornelsen, K. C., Davison, B., & Coulibaly, P. (2016) Application of SMOS Soil Moisture and Brightness Temperature at High Resolution With a Bias Correction Operator. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing. Vol 9: No 4, 1590 – 1605.

MacDonald, Matthew K., Bruce J. Davison, Muluneh A. Mekonnen, and Alain Pietroniro. "Comparison of land surface scheme simulations with field observations versus atmospheric model output as forcing." Hydrological Sciences Journal 61, no. 16 (2016): 2860-2871.


Haghnegahdar, A., Tolson, B. A., Craig, J. R., Paya, K. T. (2015), Assessing the Performance of a Semi-distributed Hydrological Model under various Watershed Discretization Schemes, Hydrol. Process., 29, 4018–4031. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.10550

Xiaoyong Xu, Bryan A. Tolson, Jonathan Li, Ralf M. Staebler, Frank Seglenieks, Amin Haghnegahdar, Bruce Davison, (2015), Assimilation of SMOS soil moisture over the Great Lakes basin. Remote Sensing of Environment, 169, 163-175. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2015.08.017.


Haghnegahdar, A., Tolson, B. A., Davison, B., Seglenieks, F. R., Klyszejko, E., Soulis, E. D., Fortin, V. and Matott, L.S. (2014): Calibrating Environment Canada's MESH Modelling System over the Great Lakes Basin, Atmosphere-Ocean, Atmosphere-Ocean, Volume 52, Issue 4, 281-293, DOI: 10.1080/07055900.2014.939131

Mekonnen, M. A., Wheater, H. S., Ireson, A. M., Spence, C., Davison, B., & Pietroniro, A. (2014). Towards an improved land surface scheme for prairie landscapes. Journal of Hydrology.

Xu, Xiaoyong, Jonathan Li, Bryan A. Tolson, Ralf M. Staebler, Frank Seglenieks, Bruce Davison, Amin Haghnegahdar, and Eric D. Soulis. "Assimilation of SMOS soil moisture in the MESH model with the ensemble Kalman filter." In Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), 2014 IEEE International, pp. 3766-3769. IEEE, 2014.


Luo, Y., Arnold, J., Allen, P., & Chen, X. (2012). Baseflow simulation using SWAT model in an inland river basin in Tianshan Mountains, Northwest China. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences16(4), 1259-1267. 


Soulis ED, Craig JR, Fortin V, Liu G. 2011. A simple expression for the bulk field capacity of a sloping soil horizon. Hydrological Processes. 25, 112 - 116.


Marin S, van der Kamp G, Pietroniro A, Davison B, Toth B. 2010. Use of geological weighing lysimeters to calibrate a distributed hydrological model for the simulation of land-atmosphere moisture exchange. Journal of Hydrology 383(3-4): 179-185


Dornes PF. 2009. An approach for modelling snowcover ablation and snowmelt runoff in cold region environments. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Geography and Planning (Centre for Hydrology), University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK. 183 p.

Verseghy D. 2009. CLASS - The Canadian Land Surface Scheme (Version 3.4), Technical Documentation (Version 1.1). Climate Research Division, Science and Technology Branch, Environment Canada. 180 p.

Yirdaw SZ, Snelgrove KR, Seglenieks FR, Agboma CO, Soulis ED. 2009. Assessment of the WATCLASS hydrological model result of the Mackenzie River basin using the GRACE satellite total water storage measurement. Hydrological Processes. 23, 3391 - 3400.


Davison, B., van der Kamp, G (2008). Low-Flows in Deterministic Modelling: A Brief Review. Canadian Water Resources Journal, 33 (2), 181-194.

Dornes PF, Pomeroy JW, Pietroniro A, Verseghy, DL. 2008a. Effects of spatial aggregation of initial conditions and forcing data on modeling snowmelt using a land surface scheme. Journal of Hydrometeorology 9: 789-803.

Dornes PF, Tolson BA, Davison B, Pietroniro A, Pomeroy JW, Marsh P. 2008b. Regionalisation of land surface hydrological model parameters in subarctic and arctic environments. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 33: 1081-1089.


Pietroniro A, Fortin V, Kouwen N, Neal C, Turcotte R, Davison B, Verseghy D, Soulis ED, Caldwell R, Evora N, Pellerin P. 2007. Development of the MESH modelling system for hydrological ensemble forecasting of the Laurentian Great Lakes at the regional scale. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 11: 1279-1294.

Soulis ED, Seglenieks F. 2007. The MAGS integrated modeling system. In Cold Regions Atmospheric and Hydrologic Studies: the Mackenzie GEWEX Experience, hydrologic Processes, vol 2, Woo MK (ed). Springer-Verlag: Berlin Heidelberg; 445 - 474. 

Tolson BA, Shoemaker CA. 2007. Dynamically dimensioned search algorithm for computationally efficient watershed model calibration. Water Resources Research 43: W01413.


Davison B, Pohl S, Dornes P, Marsh P, Pietroniro A, MacKay M. 2006.Characterizing snowmelt variability in a land-surface-hydrological model. Atmosphere-Ocean 44: 271-287.

Gordon M, Simon K, Taylor PA. 2006. On snow depth predictions with the Canadian Land Surface Scheme including a parameterization of blowing snow sublimation. Atmosphere-Ocean 44: 239-255.


Pohl S, Davison B, Marsh P, Pietroniro A. 2005. Modelling spatially distributed snowmelt and meltwater runoff in a small Arctic catchment with a hydrology - land surface scheme (WATCLASS). Atmosphere-Ocean, 43(3): 193 - 211.

Snelgrove KR, Soulis ED, Seglenieks FR, Kouwen N. 2005. The application of hydrological models in MAGS: Lessons learned for PUB. In Prediction in Ungauged Basins: Approaches for Canada's Cold Regions, Spence C, Pomeroy, JW, Pietroniro A (eds). Canadian Water Resources Association: Ottawa, ontario; 139 - 164.

Soulis, E. D., N. Kouwen, Al Pietroniro, F. R. Seglenieks, K. R. Snelgrove, P. Pellerin, D. W. Shaw, and L. W. Martz. "A framework for hydrological modelling in MAGS." Prediction in Ungauged Basins: Approaches for Canada’s Cold Regions, edited by: Spence, C., Pomeroy, JW and Pietroniro, A., Canadian Water Resources Association (2005): 119-138.


Kouwen N, Mousavi SF. 2002. WATFLOOD/SPL9 hydrological model and flood forecasting system. In VP Singh and DK Freverts (Eds.), Mathematical Models of Large Watershed Hydrology, Water Resources Publications: Colorado, USA. 649-686.

Snelgrove KR. 2002. Implications of lateral flow generation on land-surface scheme fluxes. Ph. D. thesis, university of Waterloo.


Soulis ED, Snelgrove KR, Seglenieks F, Verseghy DL. 2000. Towards closing the vertical water balance in Canadian atmospheric models: coupling of the land surface scheme CLASS with the distributed hydrological model WATFLOOD. Atmosphere-Ocean 38: 251-269.

Vereseghy DL. 2000. The Canadian Land Surface Scheme (CLASS): Its history and future. Atmosphere-Ocean 38: 1-13.


Donald JR, Soulis ED, Kouwen N, Pietroniro A. 1995. Snowcover depletion curves and satellite snowcover estimates for snowmelt runoff modelling. Water Resources Research 31: 995-1009.


Kouwen N, Soulis ED, Pietroniro A, Donald J, Harrington RA. 1993. Grouping response units for distributed hydrologic modelling. ASCE Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management 119: 289-305.

Verseghy DL, McFarlane NA, Lazare M. 1993. CLASS - A Canadian land surface scheme for GCMs, II. Vegetation model and coupled runs. International Journal of Climatology 13: 347-370.


Verseghy DL. 1991. CLASS - A Canadian land surface scheme for GCMs, I. Soil model. International Journal of Climatology 11: 111-133.


Kouwen N. 1988. WATFLOOD: a microcomputer-based flow forecasting system based on real-time weather data. Canadian Water Resources Association Journal 13: 62-77.

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