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What are animals?


Animals are living organism which feeds on organic matter, typically having specialized sense organs and a nervous system and able to respond rapidly to stimuli; any living creature, including man.

(Oxford Dictionary)


What are plants?

Plants are able to subsist wholly on inorganic substances, typically fixed to a substrate and moving chiefly by means of growth. They do not have specialized sensory and digestive organs.

(Oxford Dictionary)


Biological Traits Animals Have That Plants Do Not:

Instincts

Animals have instincts which are a biologically passed down trait, “There are two main accounts of instinct, one of them psychological in origin, the other biological.” (Keeping, p. 172.) Instinct such as Drive. This account conceptualizes instinct along the lines of physical energy, or “drive,” which motivates the organism (animal or human) toward some broadly specified form of behaviour. (Hiscock, 585)


Instincts help for birds to build nests, for rabbits to burrow in dens, and for all animals to avoid danger.


Reproduction

Reproduction takes place between two animals of the opposite sex through sexual intercourse, and many animals raise their young until they are able to take care of themselves. Humans, for example, raise their young for extended amounts of times, whereas turtles lay eggs and as soon as they hatch they are left to fend for themselves.


 Plants reproduce through pollination with no contact of the opposite sex of plant.

Senses

Animals, unlike plants,  have senses. Humans, for example, have five senses. Touch, taste, sight, smell and hearing.

Dolphins and whales are able to use echolocation for finding sources of food as well as navigation.

Sharks use electric fields generated by other animals in the water to track prey.


References

Animal. OED Online. Oxford University Press, June 2018. Web. 16 June 2018. Retrieved from: http://www.oed.com.cyber.usask.ca/view/Entry/273779?rskey=56Uj3P&result=1#eid

Plant. OED Online. Oxford University Press, June 2018. Web. 16 June 2018. Retrieved from: http://www.oed.com.cyber.usask.ca/search?searchType=dictionary&q=plant&_searchBtn=Search

Fact Monster. Animal Senses. Retrieved from: https://pixabay.com/en/sea-turtle-baby-young-survival-356125/

Retrieved from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biological_life_cycle

Retrieved from: https://pixabay.com/en/sea-turtle-baby-young-survival-356125/

Petr Kratochvil. Retrieved from: https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/en/view-image.php?image=25820&picture=baby-monkey-holding-mom


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