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Scribal changes #

Where a scribe has changed the text, we want to record:

  • Exactly how the source text appears
  • How the text is to be read before and after the change

We use the TEI <app> element, with <rdg> elements:

<app>
   <rdg type="lit"><hi rend="ud">original</hi><hi rend="il">\changed/</hi></rdg>
   <rdg type="orig">original</rdg>
   <rdg type="mod">changed</rdg>
</app>
  • <rdg type="lit">: encode how the text of this sequence appears
  • <rdg type="orig">: record how the text read before the change
  • <rdg type="mod">: record how the text read after the change

Add a @resp to specify if you can tell that we are dealing with the same hand (or one undistinguishable from it) or a later one.

Resp=0: a change by the original scribe, made during the original writing.

Resp=1: a change by corrector 1 (and, 2, 3 4 etc.)

Note that we can chain a series of revisions together using this mechanism. Suppose the original scribe leaves a space, a corrector supplies a reading, and a second corrector deletes it and provides an alternative between the lines:

A change of ink or writing instrument can be marked up using @rend. 

rend="ink1": for an ink that is different from the main one. 

rend="pencil": for a text written using a graphite pencil (this is just an example to show how the attribute works, graphite deposits might have been discovered around 1500 and pencils as we know the date from around 1560). 

Note: more details about how <app> works can be found here..

<app>
  <rdg type="lit">
    <seg type="overwritten">
      <seg type="1">les</seg><seg type=“2”>los</seg>
    </seg>
  </rdg>
  <rdg type="orig">les</rdg>
  <rdg type="mod" resp="1">los</rdg> 
</app>
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